Bachata, or Música de Amargue/Music of Bitterness Also known as musica de guardia / soldier's music and musica baja/ lowlife.
This music originally was music created by the lowest of the low adrift in Santo Domingo. It was played in the cabarets and whorehouse's of the capital where these people frequented. Its forms, instrumentation and so on are originally derived from country music, but it developed as a result of the displacement of rural people to the cities.
The early Bachata - La Sufrida, is all about this rootlessness, loss, drunkenness, whoring, etc. It was even banned from radio play because it was full of double entendre, and in general dealt with low-lifes, so they censored it. The rich, affluent, and city people would not listen to this type of music. If they did they would not admit to it.
It is considered to be Dominican Blues. Most of the lyrics are about lost love and sad events. Thanks to Juan Luis Guerra who turned the music around by sweetening and polishing up the genre. Also, now with many of the new groups that have appeared on the scene in the past few years Bachata has changed and has become more main stream. It is now more accepted by all.